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LHS Course Descriptions


HISTORY/SOCIAL SCIENCE
(click on course title for curriculum guide)

World History and Cultures (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  None
This is a two-semester survey course of ancient civilization throughout history, and the events significant to them.  Upon completion of this course, students will gain an appreciation for cultures of the world.

U.S. History (H) (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite: None
In this course students will study the political, economic, social, and cultural developments of the United States from pre-colonial times to the present.  Students will learn to analyze and evaluate current events and world issues in the context of this country’s history.

Government (H) (1 semester, 5 credits)
Prerequisite:  None
This course takes an in-depth look at the foundations and structure of government, specifically democracy in the United States at the national, state, and local level.  This course will expose the differences between forms of government, and even differences between forms of democracy.

Economics (H) (1 semester, 5 credits)
Prerequisite:  None
This is a one semester college preparatory course in economics.  The course emphasizes the basic principles of micro and macroeconomics and the characteristics, problems, and advantages of the U.S. economic system. 

ENGLISH

Freshman Seminar (2 semesters 5 credits)
Prerequisite:  None
This course is designed to assist freshman with the development of study habits and organizational skills that will help them through their high school program. Students will be able to apply the study skills to assignments given to them in other classes with the opportunity to ask questions and clarify information. However, students should not expect to use the full class time to work on homework. It is a place to develop study skills, time management and organizational skills. *Does not meet UC/CSU “B” requirement

Composition (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  None
Composition is a one year, two semester course designed to equip students with the tools needed to succeed in high school English and other courses in high school, as well as in their further education and in life.  This course will help students to develop oral and written communication skills in properly using the English language. 

English 9 (H) (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  None
English 9 is a one year, two semester course of exploring the key elements of literature through a variety of genres including short story, nonfiction, poetry, drama, and film.  Students will begin to learn to interpret, analyze, and write about a variety of literature selections by reading, discussing, and responding to them in various ways, focusing on literary elements and terms as well as overall ideas or themes.  In addition, the students will also develop increased vocabulary as well as grammar and organizational writing and speaking skills through vocabulary exercises and quizzes and various project assignments. 

English 10 (H) (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite: English 9 or Principal consent
English 10 is a one year, two semester course continuing the study of the elements of literature through a variety of genres including short story, nonfiction, poetry, drama, and film.  Students will interpret, analyze, and write about a variety of literature selections by reading, discussing, and responding to them in various ways, focusing on literary elements and terms as well as overall ideas or themes.  Selections and themes will include those related to Western Tradition as well as (Greek) Mythology and the ancient and modern world.  In addition, the students will also develop increased vocabulary as well as grammar and organizational writing and speaking skills through vocabulary exercises and quizzes and various project assignments. 

English 10 EL (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite: English 9 EL or Principal consent
English 10 EL is a course that follows the study of elements of literature through a variety of genres including short story, nonfiction, poetry, drama, and film. Students will interpret, analyze and write about a variety of literature selections by reading, discussing, and responding to them in various ways, focusing on literary elements and terms as well as overall ideas and themes. In addition, students will develop increased vocabulary as well as grammar and organizational writing and speaking skills through vocabulary exercises, quizzes and various project assignments.

English 11—American Literature (H) (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  English 10 or Principal consent
This is a chronological progression of literature from the United States. Different genre such as poetry, short stories, novels, plays, nonfiction, speeches, sermons etc. will be covered. Students will participate in reading, discussion and writing assignments to increase awareness of our American culture and history as it is reflected in the writings of that era.

English 12—British Literature (H) (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  English 10 or Principal consent
This course is a chronological survey of the literature of the British Isles and its past and present commonwealth territories. The textbook blends important historical, industrial and cultural events of the time period with the fiction, non-fiction, drama and poetry of the writers of that era. Students will utilize reading and written assignments along with class discussion as the approach of daily classroom procedure. An awareness of the influence that England has had on the world’s language and culture (especially America) will be a major theme.

Speech (1 semester, 5 credits)
Prerequisite:  None
This course focuses on the awareness and improving of communication and public speaking skills. An emphasis on communication and personality activities and a variety of speeches and oral interpretation presentations will be combined with the study of the text. Blended into this process will be note taking and journaling self-awareness and observation skills to strengthen confidence and achieve progress in verbal and non-verbal communication. *Does not meet UC/CSU “B” requirement

MATHEMATICS 

Pre-Algebra (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  None
This course is designed to help the student who has learned basic computational skills but is not yet ready to apply those skills in Algebra.  Students will review basic computational skills, focusing particularly on fractions, decimals, and signed numbers, and use these skills to solve problems.  This will lead to the introduction of simple equation solving and graphing.  The course also covers some basic geometric concepts including area, volume, angles, and measurement.*Does not meet UC/CSU “C” requirement

 Integrated Math, Algebra I (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite: Cumulative grade of C or above in Algebra1/2 or Principal and Instructor consent
This is a full year course that uses an integrated method of teaching algebra basics that covers the solving of linear and quadratic equations, manipulation of variable expressions, basic properties of the real numbers, and the foundations of the study of functions and graphing. Problem solving is integrated throughout the course as an important part of the development of the material.

Geometry (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  Algebra I or Principal consent)
The student is taught the concepts of points, lines, angles, and their properties. Students apply deductive reasoning to construct formal proofs. Students study congruence and similarity and use them to solve problems. Students learn properties of polygons and circles and use them to calculate perimeter and area, as well as surface area and volume of solid figures. Algebra skills are reviewed and reinforced throughout the course.

Integrated Math, Algebra II (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  Cumulative grade of C or better in Algebra I or Principal and Instructor consent
Algebra II builds upon the foundations of previous courses.  Students will manipulate variable expressions of increasing complexity and solve more advanced equations.  Students develop individual critical thinking and learning skills through more challenging problem solving experiences.  Students graph more complicated equations, including conic sections. This course introduces complex numbers, as well as trigonometric, logarithmic, and exponential functions.

Integrated Math, Pre-calculus (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  Geometry and Cumulative grade B or higher in Algebra II or Principal and Instructor consent
Pre-calculus offers the opportunity for the motivated student to refine previous skills and use new methods to develop critical thinking and learning skills.  Students will continue their study of topics introduced in algebra and geometry courses, such as trigonometry, complex numbers, exponential and logarithmic functions, factoring polynomials, and graphing.  Students also study topics important to the foundations of calculus, such as series, matrices, and functions.  This course also introduces topics from discrete mathematics and statistics, such as combinations and the study of normal distributions.

Calculus (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite: Cumulative grade B or higher in Pre-calculus
Calculus course centers on the study of limits, derivatives, and integrals.  Students learn the evaluation and computation of derivatives, and integrals of many different types of functions, as well as the theory underlying these topics.  Throughout the course, students are introduced to applications of derivatives and integrals, using these skills to solve a wide range of problems.

LABORATORY SCIENCE 

Biology (H) (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite or co-requisite:  Algebra I
Subject matter in this course takes the approach that God is the Creator of all living things.  Studies will include botany, cellular biology, human anatomy and physiology, genetics, ecosystems and zoology.  Laboratory work includes field studies, observations and dissections.

Biology II (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite: Biology
This course is an advanced study of Biology and will include in-depth studies of Anatomy and Physiology, Microbiology and Marine Biology.  Laboratory work is utilized to periodically reinforce and review studied material.

Chemistry (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  Algebra II
This is a college preparatory course which discusses the relationship between the structure and properties of matter.  Laboratory activities and experiments use micro-chemistry techniques which enable students to observe and manipulate a variety of chemical substances.  The subject matter focuses on problem-solving techniques, matter and its reaction/interactions, atomic structure and the arrangement and properties represented by the periodic table.

Physics (H) (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite or co-requisite:  Algebra II or Principal consent
This is a laboratory course which focuses on the general topic of energy.  Topics include matter, forces, energy and power.

LANGUAGE OTHER THAN ENGLISH 

Spanish I (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  None
This is an introduction to the Spanish language for those who have had little or no formal Spanish language education.  This course introduces the learner to the history, culture, geography and customs of a half dozen Spanish speaking countries while learning the basics of Spanish.

Spanish II (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  grade of “C” or above in Spanish I or Principal consent
This is a follow-up course to continue Spanish I basics and enhance Spanish history, culture, geography, and customs of an additional half-dozen Spanish speaking countries while building additional Spanish skills.  This course also introduces the joys of Spanish literature.

Spanish III (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  Grade of “C” or above in Spanish II
This course is an intermediate/advanced course in Spanish language and literature.  The course further hones the   language function skills gained in Spanish I and II while also presenting literature of Spain, Mexico, and the Americas.  The use of videotapes, plays, etc, is expanded to enhance oral fluency from primary language sources.

VISUAL & PERFORMING ARTS (VPA) 

Choir (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  vocal audition and recommendation of instructor
Students sing standard high school choral repertoire, and music prepared for Association Church visits and other special events.  Vocal techniques and music reading skills are stressed.  Historical styles and composers are studied.  Sunday morning performances at area Lutheran churches and other special performances are a required part of the course.

Introduction to Drama (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  None
This is a full year course which will cover a variety of areas of drama.  Topics to be covered may include combinations of the following: Basic acting techniques, basic theater terminology, technical theater (including backstage work, state management, etc.), auditioning, character development and interpretation, pantomime, clowning, drama with masks, puppetry, story-telling, and readers’ theater.  Students will be required to work on at least one LHS show during the year.

Music Appreciation (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  None
This course is arranged topically, not chronologically.  Readings, listening examples, video presentations, and student creativity are all used to explore the material.  Many world music sources as well as west European, and Eastern, and uniquely American samples are covered. *Does not meet UC/CSU “F” requirement

Art I (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite: none
This class is a survey of the visual arts and how they integrate with our daily lives.  Students will learn to use techniques and mediums used to create works of art for both functional and     visual purposes.  Projects will include instruction in the elements of line, shape, value, texture, spatial relations and color through the creative exploration of a variety of materials.  Famous works of art and the artist’s style will be discussed and related to classroom projects.  Field trips and/or individual visitations to art    museums and exhibits will be part of the experience.  This course will require a high level of productivity and prepare students for whatever art will hold in their futures. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION & HEALTH

Physical Education I (1 semester, 5 credits)
Prerequisite: None
This is a one-semester course in which students are asked to test their God-given abilities.  Students will learn the importance of teamwork, exercise, and hard-work in a variety of athletic venues.  They will also learn how these attributes carry over to everyday life. Team sports are emphasized. Units include study of the, rules, strategies of the following sports: volleyball, soccer, basketball, softball, flag football, golf, tennis and “Ultimate Frisbee”. 

Physical Education II (1 semester, 5 credits)
Prerequisite:  None
A continuation of P.E. I with further emphasis upon team sports and dance.  Individual sports and units on weight training and physical fitness will be introduced.

Health Education (1 semester, 5 credits)
Prerequisite:  None
Among the topics included in this course are: first aid, drugs, cardiopulmonary diseases, cancer, nutrition, tobacco, alcohol and sexually transmitted diseases.  This course is designed to give students practical knowledge about their physical, social, emotional, and spiritual health.  Emphasis will be placed on the decision-making process as it applies to healthy lives.  All topics will be examined from the perspective of the Christian faith.

RELIGIOUS STUDIES

Basic Christianity (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite: None
This course is designed to give students a basic overview of key Christian principles through the reading of Old Testament and New Testament Bible stories. Emphasis will be placed on vocabulary words and terminology familiar to the Christian religion. This course will also sort out common questions and misconceptions about Christianity, develop an understanding of Christ's redeeming work of salvation, and cultivate an appetite for the Christian life.

Old Testament (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  None
This course is designed to give a chronological overview of the events and key figures of the Old Testament.  Students will    examine God’s covenant relationship with His people from the time of creation to the time of the kings and prophets.  Particular focus will be given to the birth, growth, and struggles of the   chosen nation of Israel.  We will continually apply our study of the history of God’s people to His promise of a Savior, His son, Jesus, and to our personal relationships with Him today.

New Testament (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  None
This course is designed to give students a chronological overview of the events of the New Testament. The focus will be on the unfolding of God’s promise of salvation through the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ as well as the efforts of the early church to further His kingdom. We will apply these concepts to contemporary society and the task we have as Christians to fulfill the Great Commission by spreading the Gospel wherever we go.

Christian Ethics (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  Principal and Instructor consent
This course is a study of relationships and the ethical and moral principles which need to be addressed in relationships and decision making.  All discussion is approached from the belief that the most important relationship is that with our Savior, Jesus Christ.  Issues are examined from a Christian perspective and biblical base.  Textbook study, television, motion picture, newspaper accounts, and various writings all serve as catalysts for thinking and discussion.

Comparative and World Religions (2 semesters, 10 credits
Prerequisite:  Principal and Instructor consent
In this religion course an overall view of different religions in the world is offered.  Issues are explored from a Christian perspective and Biblical base.  Textbook study, television, motion picture, newspaper accounts, and various writings will all serve as catalysts for individual thinking and classroom discussion.

COMPUTER SCIENCE

Introduction to Computers (1 semester, 5 credits)
Prerequisite: none
The student is to develop a level of Keyboarding proficiency, a basic understanding of computer hardware and software, and an appreciation for the impact the computer has and will have on society.

Computer Applications (1 semester, 5 credits)
Prerequisite:  Computer I
Word Processing, Spreadsheets, Presentation Applications, and Database instruction will be pursued.

Desktop Publishing (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite:  Computer I-II/Algebra I/Instructor permission
This course requires working with the publishing of the school yearbook and the school newspaper.

Internet and Web Design (1 semester, 5 credits)
Prerequisite:  Computer I-II and Instructor Permission
An in-depth study of the internet will be taught as a communication or a research tool as well as the methods that are used to create web pages.  Constructing web pages and how to create and administer a web site will be explored.  Exposure to HTML and JavaScript will be done.

Programming (1 semester, 5 credits)
Prerequisite: Computer I-II/Algebra I/Instructor permission
A basic understanding of programming languages, the need for basic problem-solving, flowcharting, and a pseudo code will be developed.  The student will be exposed to one major higher level programming language with the aim of writing one’s own programs.

ENGLISH SECOND LANGUAGE (ESL)

ESL I (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite – None
Beginner -Emphasis on L,S,R,W- with basic language including common nouns, verbs, phrases, everyday life in American culture, simple stories and comprehension, basic sentence structure, practice with Rosetta Stone, conversation practice etc. *Does not meet UC/CSU “B” requirement

 ESL II (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite – Score of level 2 on EL Assessment
Early Intermediate- Emphasis on L,S,R,W-Improving reading and writing including comprehension, vocabulary development, study skills. Writing practice includes basic sentence structure, grammar, 3 paragraph essays etc., speaking skill and overview of American culture with emphasis on holidays, common language, and social skills. *Does not meet UC/CSU “B” requirement

ESL III (2 semesters, 10 credits)
Prerequisite – Score of level 3 on EL Assessment
Intermediate- Emphasis on L,S,R,W- More advanced practice with reading and writing including comprehension, vocabulary development, and study skills. Writing practice includes 5 paragraph essays, including literature-based, technical and scientific writing. Group discussion about common American issues, speech practice, SAT prep. *Does not meet UC/CSU “B” requirement

Advanced ELD (2 semesters, 10 credits) – UC Approved Course
Prerequisite – Score of level 4 or higher on EL Assessment or EL Coordinator and/or Principal consent
The purpose of the Advanced ELD course is to give ESL/International Students more in-depth practice in the English Language as well as its culture. This course will provide students with the skills and knowledge of English to increase their level of understanding and to meet the standards that are necessary to be a fully competent student.  All units of study will incorporate the four areas of English Acquisition including Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening. Within each unit students will critically analyze text, compose organized and coherent essays, and express their ideas both orally and in writing. Students will practice writing fluently in a variety of formats and genres, using diverse rhetorical devices and proper conventions of English grammar and syntax.  

SERVICE OUTREACH

As an integral part of the LHS commitment to the community, each student will perform a specified number of hours of Service Outreach in order to demonstrate faith in action.  Students will be expected to choose that involvement each year from the areas of home, church and school. 

Each student in the freshman and sophomore classes will be involved in school-sponsored activities (two for freshmen and one for sophomores.)  Sophomores are also responsible for individual service hours.

 Juniors and seniors are encouraged to perform service that not only meets a need in the community but might also allow an opportunity to further explore a future career choice.

 The LHS Student/Parent Handbook contains specific details about this program.